[Information and Photo from Space.com] The moon is the easiest celestial object to find in the night sky — when it’s there. Moon phases and the moon’s orbit are a mystery to many. Because it takes 27.3 days both to rotate on its axis and to orbit Earth, the Moon always shows us the same face. We see the Moon because of reflected sunlight. How much of it we see depends on its position in relation to Earth and the Sun. The first photograph of the Earth taken from the Moon was taken on August 23rd 1966.